Letter knowledge includes recognition and naming of letter names and letter sounds.

How can I help?

  • Use the letters in your child’s name to talk about letters of the alphabet.
    • For example, use shaving cream or make instant pudding and place it on a cookie sheet or tray. Encourage your child to form the letters in his or her name in the shaving cream or pudding and then tell you the letter names and sounds of each letter that he or she wrote. Be sure to place a sheet or covering under the table to protect the floor.
  • Help your child make connections to the sounds of letters.
    • Associate the letter with a picture, object or material that begins with the same sound as the letter. For example you might print the same letter on several sticky notes. Give your child the sticky notes and review the name and sound of the letter together. Send your child to look for something in the room that begins with the same sound as the letter and place the sticky note on it.
  • Use print in books to practice letter recognition.
    • For example, place a set of magnetic letters in a bowl or bag. Ask your child to choose a letter from the bowl and then ask for the name of the letter and the sound it makes. Encourage your child to search for the letter on pages in a book or magazine.
  • Create games that encourage letter recognition.
    • For example, make a letter pizza out of a paper plate or cut large circles out of a piece of cardboard for the pizza shape. Draw slices on the pizza and write an uppercase letter on each slice. Cut out small pepperoni size circles and write the matching lowercase letter on each circle. As you “make” the pizza and match the uppercase and lowercase letters say the letter name and the letter sound.