Letter knowledge includes recognition and naming of letter names and letter sounds.

How can I help?

  • Place the letters of the alphabet in alphabetical order.
    • For example, arrange a set of magnetic letters on a cookie sheet with a few letters missing. Give your child the missing letters and have him or her place them in alphabetical order. Provide a printed copy of the alphabet if needed. For an additional challenge, have your child place all 26 letters of the alphabet in order.
  • Create games that help your child identify the names of uppercase and lowercase letters.
    • Use a flashlight to form an uppercase letter on the ceiling. Describe the shape of the letter as you write it and ask your child to guess the name of the letter and the sound it makes. Pass the flashlight to your child and ask your child to form the lowercase letter that matches. Don’t forget to turn out the light!
  • Help your child make connections to the sounds of letters.
    • For example, find pictures that begin with the same sound (cat, car, can) and pictures that begin with different sounds (pig, dog, boy). Mix the pictures up and then invite your child to sort the pictures that have the same beginning sound. Start off with three pictures and ask your child to find the two that start with the same sound.
  • Have your child create an alphabet chart with stamps or stickers.
    • Take a poster board and divide it into 26 sections. Invite your child to use the stickers or stamps place an uppercase letter and the matching lowercase letter in each section. You can also add pictures of items beginning with each letter sound and glue them in each section or ask your child to draw the pictures directly on the chart.